The International Space Station: 8th Light on the 7th Night

For the second time this Hanukkah, after lighting candles tonight take a look outside and look for a new light in the sky.

The International Space Station will be passing over Philadelphia around 5:48pm. It will be visible for about 3 minutes, passing from West to North-Northeast rising to an elevation of 50 degrees over the horizon.

Presently circling the Earth at an average altitude of 216 miles and at a speed of 17,200 miles per hour, it completes 15.7 orbits per day and it can appear to move as fast as a high-flying jet airliner, sometimes taking about four to five minutes to cross the sky. Because of its size and configuration of highly reflective solar panels, the space station is now, by far, the brightest man-made object currently in orbit around the Earth. On favorable passes, it can appear as bright as the planet Venus, and some 16 times brighter than Sirius, the brightest star in the night sky. And as a bonus, sunlight glinting directly off the solar panels can sometimes make the ISS appear to briefly “flare” in brilliance to more than 16 times brighter than Venus! (Hayden Planetarium)

Photo of Israel at night as seen from the International Space Station courtesy of NASA.

Look Out Here It Comes (in 4 billion years)

The Philadelphia Jewish Voice rarely covers Astronomy, but we just got big news from NASA. This is really big news. Actually this is news that stretches a 2.6 million light years to our galaxy’s nearest neighbor the Andromeda Galaxy. We have long known that although the universe in general is expanding and most galaxies have a red-shift indicating they are moving away from us, the Andromeda Galaxy is actually blue-shifted indicating that it is approaching us at 190 miles per second.

Until recently Astronomers had no way to measure the Andromeda Galaxy’s transverse (or sideways) motion, so they couldn’t tell if our galaxies were doomed to collide or if they were merely passing in the night. Now, thanks to seven years of painstaking observations by the Hubble Space Telescope, NASA astronomers have been able to determine that the Andromeda Galaxy is aimed straight at us and will collide in four billion years.

The art work on the right shows what this might look like from Earth. The first image shows the current night sky with our Milky Way visible as a milky band in a dark sky and the Andromeda Galaxy is a small smudge. In successive images you can see the Andromeda Galaxy approach, interact with our galaxy, passing through it and then falling back to form a single vast elliptical galaxy after a total of 7 billion years.

NASA’s animation follows the jump.

NASA: A Dry Bones Cartoon

–by Yaakov Kirschen

American TV News shows proudly reviewed NASA’s achievements, and the NASA website proclaimed “The end of the space shuttle program does not mean the end of NASA”, but I could only feel that yet another part of America’s “specialness” is gone. Another piece of the dream has been let go. Is America giving up? Is her leadership role really over? Is it really the start of China’s century?

Is Obama responsible for America’s shocking decline, or is he simply recognizing facts and bowing out gracefully?

Reprinted courtesy of Yaakov (Dry Bones) Kirschen  

Astronaut at National Museum of American Jewish History

The first event held at Philadelphia’s New National Museum of American Jewish History is literally out of this world.

Bonnie Squires

Garrett Reisman, with his Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering, who was the first Jewish member of the space station crew, went up the first time in 2008 where he was able to celebrate Israel’s 60th anniversary. Israeli President Shimon Peres gave him the symbol of State of Israel to take with him for the occasion. His second trip was just in May of this year, where he and a fellow astronaut had to do a space walk in order to install an additional module to the space station.  
   The National Museum of American Jewish History hosted Reisman in a special event which was the first to be convened in the not-yet-completed new site of NMAJH.  Reisman, dressed in a flight suit, entranced the crowd of founding members of the museum with his stories of his space flight and one very interesting challenge he encountered in trying to install the new module on the space station.

More after the jump.

Bonnie Squires talks with Dr. Garrett Reisman.

   It seems the plug and socket would not fit which would have activated the electrical system.  Nos here was Reisman and his colleague, out in space, trying to comlete a task they had trained for during an entire year.  And it wasn’t working.
   Then Reisman had an aha! moment.  Calling into the space ship, he asked when they would be traveling directly into the rays of the sun.  Then he covered the plug end of the module to shield it from the heat, allowing the socket to expand from the incredible heat from the sun.  And voila!  He was able to push the plug into the socket.
   Of course, Reisman may have more scientific jargon for the plug, but I used the language most of us can understand.
   Reisman used a Star Wars / SAT analogy in order to relate how incredibly large the International Space Station is: “The Space Shuttle is to International Space Station, as the Millenium Falcon is to the Death Star.”
   A highlight of the evening, in addition to getting to ask questions of a Jewish astronaut, was the NASA film of his voyage, including some lighter moments of “flying” inside the spaceship and bobbing for M&Ms.
   But when I asked him how many hours a day he and his six colleagues had to work, not play, he answered matter-of-factly that in the entire twelve-day voyage, they only had four hours off.  And that was why, in the playful scenes in the film, all the astronauts were wearing the same shirts.  It all took place in one four-hour down-time segment.

   Impressive was Reisman’s commitment to the late astronaut from Israel, Ilan Ramon, who was lost in the Columbia shuttle disaster.  Reisman and Ramon had been in the same training unit, even sharing a Passover Seder together. Naturally, Reisman took up the flag for both American Jewry and Israel when Ramon was lost.
   Reisman had carried into space with him the original April 2006 proclamation that had created Jewish American Heritage Month.  
   Michael Rosenzweig, President and CEO of NMAJH, and Gwen Goodman, executive director emerita, praised Philadelphia Congresswoman Allyson Schwartz, Florida Congresswoman Debbie Wasserman Schultz, and U.S. Senator Arlen Specter for their work in passing Jewish American Heritage Month and for having NMAJH designated as the museum of American Jewish history in America.

NMAJH board member Joe Zuritsky and his wife Renee; Executive Director Emerita Gwen Goodman; and CEO Michael Rosenzweig.

   Marcia Jo Zerivitz initiated the legislation for a Florida Jewish History Month, which was became the nation’s first such commemoration each January when it was signed into law by Gov. Jeb Bush (R-FL) in 2003 saying “Everyone else has a month. We need a month too. We have so many stereotypes to debunk.”
   Zerivitz then set out to establish a National Jewish History Month despite a decision by the Bush administration to create “no more new months”. Debbie Wasserman Schultz took it on as a personal project to overcome the moratorium and succeeded in finding 250 co-sponsors to the legislation which gave it the critical momentum to come to the floor of the House of Representatives on December 14, 2005 where it passed unanimously 423-0. Senator Arlen Spector championed a similar measure in the Senate on February 14, 2006 and the bill was signed into law by President George W. Bush in April 2006. Since National Jewish History Month has been observed each May.  
   The officials from the Jewish Museum of Florida and the Jewish American Heritage Month Coalition turned over the 2006 proclamation to the NMAJH, posing with the astronaut. The proclamation was launched May 14, 2010 on the Space Shuttle Atlantis travelling 4,900,000 miles on its 186 orbits before returning to Earth on May 25, 2010.
   After the flight, Reisman returned home on May 27 to find an invitation from President Obama in his mail inviting him to the first annual Jewish Heritage Reception at the White House on that same day. Reisman called the White House to say he would not be able to make it, but at least he had a good excuse for RSVPing so late: He was in outer space at the time.
   The fabulous new site of NMAJH will open to the public the weekend of November 12, 2010. The museum will feature the Mezuzah which Reisman installed on the Space Shuttle Atlantis next to his sleep station.
  Congreswomen Allyson Schwartz was instrumental not only in passing National Jewish History Month but also in a joint resolution recognizing the museum as the official National Museum of American  Jewish histroy.
   At the reception after the event, Betty the Caterer feted everyone with space themed fare including Dipping Dots, Tang, Star Fruit and Cosmic Cocoa. Afterwards, Reisman returned to his alma mater the University of Pennsylvania to catch up with some of his old friends.

Two Torahs: Columbia Torah (left) and Atlantis Torah (right).

  He then continued to California, where he participated in premiere of the film An Article of Hope at the San Diego Jewish Film Festival. The film is a documentary about the little Torah which Ilan Ramon took with him on the ill-fated Space Shuttle Columbia. Ramon received this Torah scroll from his Physics professor Joachim Joseph who received it when he had a secret Bar Mitzvah as a boy in the Nazi concentration camp Bergen Belsen.
  Everyone clearly agreed with National Jewish History Month coordinator Abby Schwartz that “it gives us such nachos to see a nice young Jewish boy honoring his people from outer space.”

Astronaut at National Museum of American Jewish History

After a journey that spanned millions of miles – from South Florida to the International Space Station and back – the original April 2006 proclamation that created Jewish American Heritage Month will be presented by Jewish NASA astronaut Dr. Garrett E. Reisman to the National Museum of American Jewish History.
In addition to speaking at the Museum, Dr. Reisman will present a video of his journey.

Dr. Reisman, who “carried” the proclamation on its space voyage, will return the document to its owner, the Jewish Museum of Florida, which will in turn present it to the National Museum of American Jewish History on behalf of JAHM. It will be displayed at the Museum, which opens November 14.

The proclamation traveled in mid-May with Dr. Reisman aboard the space shuttle Atlantis. “Dr. Reisman’s trip reminds us of the aspirations of millions of Jews who have made arduous journeys over countless miles for the promise of American freedom,” said Museum President and CEO Michael Rosenzweig.

“The shuttle flight is a compelling example of what Americans have been able to achieve, given the extraordinary freedoms provided by our Declaration of Independence and Constitution. The promise of these freedoms has brought Jews and people from all backgrounds and religions to America,” he continued.

“On behalf of the National Museum of American Jewish History and in recognition of Jewish American Heritage Month, we will proudly display the proclamation that Garrett Reisman carried into space.”

May was first proclaimed Jewish American Heritage Month by President George W. Bush on April 20, 2006. The announcement was the crowning achievement of an effort by the Jewish Museum of Florida and South Florida Jewish community leaders that resulted in resolutions introduced by Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz (D-FL), and Sen. Arlen Specter (D-PA) urging the president to proclaim a month that would recognize the more than 350-year history of Jewish contributions to American culture. The resolutions passed unanimously.

The JAHM Coalition was formed in March 2007 and convened by United Jewish Communities (now The Jewish Federations of North America), The Jacob Rader Marcus Center of the American Jewish Archives (AJA), the American Jewish Historical Society (AJHS) and the Jewish Museum of Florida. The JAHM Coalition is composed of major national Jewish historical and cultural organizations including the National Museum of American Jewish History, AJA, AJHS, the Council of American Jewish Museums, the Jewish Historical Society of Washington, D.C. and the Jewish Women’s Archive.

The National Museum of American Jewish History is the only major museum in the nation dedicated solely to telling the story of Jews in America.

A Smithsonian Affiliate, the Museum will move into a $150 million building located in the heart of historic Philadelphia, one-half block from the 15,000-square-foot location it has occupied since opening in 1976. It will stand directly across from the Liberty Bell, one block south of the National Constitution Center and one block north of Independence Hall. The new five-story, 100,000-square-foot building was designed by internationally renowned architect James Stewart Polshek, design counsel to Ennead Architects (formerly Polshek Partnership).

Encompassing 25,000 square feet of gallery space on three-and-a-half floors, the core exhibition will explore the challenges faced by Jews since their arrival on this continent in 1654, celebrating their experiences in every facet of American life and throughout every phase of the country’s history. Featuring more than 1,000 artifacts, as well as films and state-of-the-art technology, the exhibition will showcase how an immigrant population flourished under freedom and will highlight the diverse backgrounds and experiences of Jews over a period of more than